Without affirmative action, colleges face a tough path to diversity (2024)

The University of Washington, like many other institutions of higher education in the United States, has sought to create the kind of diverse student body Argaw would like to see. But for 25 years it has had to do so without one critical tool: affirmative action. That is because affirmative action has been illegal in the state since 1998, when the state’s voters passed Initiative 200, which prevents government entities from using race as a factor in hiring or admissions. Eight other states have also banned affirmative action: Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire and Oklahoma. Texas joined that group because of a court decision and other courts have chimed in on affirmative action, contributing to the nation’s patchwork of rules on this issue. The movement has spread slowly, but that might be about to change.

In October, the U.S. Supreme Court heard two cases challenging admissions programs at Harvard and the University of North Carolina, with the conservative majority widely expected to reject affirmative action at the national level when it issues a ruling later this year.

The group Students for Fair Admissions first filed cases against the two universities in 2014, hoping to overturn the 2003 ruling by a more liberal Supreme Court in the case Grutter v. Bollinger, which affirmed that the University of Michigan could use a student’s race as one of multiple factors in admission decisions. The group contends the University of North Carolina’s policies violate the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment, while arguing Harvard’s affirmative action plan discriminates against Asian American students, violating Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Breana Woodridge works on her computer in the creative writing department at the University of Washington’s Instructional Center on Wednesday, Feb. 1, 2023. (Amanda Snyder/Crosscut)

Affirmative action was clearly on the agenda when President Donald Trump appointed three conservative justices to the bench, and now the long-range importance of who is elected president is coming home in ways few voters understood before the 2016 election.

Also on the agenda this year before the U.S. Supreme Court: immigration, student debt, the religious rights of employees, foster care for Native American children, freedom of speech and free and fair elections.

Depending on how the court rules, the nation’s colleges and universities may soon have to address a question UW administrators have been grappling with for decades: Can you increase diversity and offer a welcoming environment for underrepresented minorities without affirmative action?

The short answer is: to some degree. But according to students, academics and administrators, it’s an uphill battle.

Rickey Hall, UW’s vice president for minority affairs and diversity, says that enrollment from underrepresented populations plummeted at UW shortly after the passage of I-200, but in the ensuing decades has gradually climbed. In the fall of 2023, 17% of students at all UW campuses were either Black, Latino, or mixed-race. And while those rates are somewhat in line with the demographics of graduates from the state’s high schools, it’s still insufficient, Hall said.

“A test for me is when I can look out and look at Red Square, and in an hour, if I see several African Americans, that’s a pretty good indicator,” he said. But Hall believes the university can, and needs to, do better. “I still hear too many stories of folks talking about being the only one in their class – even large classes,” he said.

Left: Junior Mausom Tamang at the UW Instructional Center. Through the Center, Tamang found the one-on-one support he had been missing in his huge classes. “I could ask: 'Hey, how do you solve this?' That’s what really helped me succeed, and my grades started to improve.” He is now a third-year geography major focusing on data science.
Right: Freshman Guadalupe Luna, who grew up in Los Angeles and whose parents are from Mexico, comes to the Center each day to get help with math. Luna heard about the Center through the computer science department’s Startup program, which assists first-generation and low-income students. (Amanda Snyder/Crosscut)

In 2019, Referendum 88 offered Washington voters an opportunity to end the state’s ban on affirmative action, but the measure failed by a narrow margin. In January 2022, Gov. Jay Inslee rescinded a 1998 proclamation meant to enforce the provisions of I-200, and issued a new proclamation that gives entities in state government the authority to recruit in employment and admissions with the intent of expanding racial and ethnic diversity. “That's legal in the state of Washington per the executive order from Inslee,” says Mark Long, a former policy researcher at UW. But Washington’s universities have not really taken advantage of this opening.

Paul Guppy, a critic of affirmative action and a policy analyst at the Washington Policy Center, says using race as a factor in admission is wrong, even though he believes correcting years of discrimination and achieving diversity on college campuses are desirable goals. “When institutions begin to judge applicants based on race,” Guppy said, “there’s always going to be somebody who’s harmed by that.”

We’ll find out soon how many justices on the U.S. Supreme Court agree. The court has ruled twice in favor of affirmative action in 1978 and 2003, but now seems ready to jettison the practice, with Justice Clarence Thomas musing during the hearing on the University of North Carolina case last year that “I’ve heard the word ‘diversity’ quite a few times, and I don't have a clue what it means.”

Long notes that affirmative action is one of the most efficient ways to ensure a school has a wide variety of students. He notes that Texas, for instance, in 1997 instituted automatic admission to all the state’s public colleges and universities for the top 10 percent of its high school graduating classes in an effort to boost minority enrollment after the 1996 federal appeals court ruling Hopwood v. Texas banned affirmative action in that state. But Long says his research shows this automatic admissions policy got Texas only about a third of the way back to the racial-equity gains achieved formerly by affirmative action. Nothing works as well at boosting rates of minority admission as using race as a factor, he says.

“One of my advisors once quipped that nothing correlates with race like race,” Long said.

Rickey Hall, UW’s vice president for minority affairs and diversity, says that enrollment from underrepresented populations plummeted at UW shortly after the 1998 passage of I-200, but since then has gradually climbed. In the fall of 2023, 17% of students at all UW campuses were either Black, Latino, or mixed-race. (Paul Christian Gordon for Crosscut)

A study published in 2020 by Long and Nicole Bateman of the Brookings Institution found that in the 10 states that have either banned affirmative action or had court rulings preventing its use, enrolled students who are Black, Latino, or American Indian were underrepresented by an average of 16% below the populations of those groups graduating high school.

“That degree of underrepresentation has, in general, not improved and in some cases gotten a little worse over the 20 years since these bans were put in place,” said Long, now dean of the University of California, Riverside’s School of Public Policy. California started the trend toward affirmative action bans when the University of California Board of Regents voted to end affirmative action programs on its campuses in 1995. The decision to no longer use race, gender, ethnicity or national origin as a factor in admissions took effect in 1997 for its graduate schools and 1998 for undergraduate education.

The effect has been a growing gap between the percentage of minority students at most state universities and the percentage of minority students who have graduated from state high schools. The University of California Berkeley, for instance, hit a gap of 34% in 2015. One notable exception is San Francisco State University, among the most diverse colleges in the nation.

The University of Washington has not seen an underrepresentation gap that severe, but it did experience decreasing representation after the passage of I-200.

Long’s study found that the gap between the percentage of minority students graduating from Washington high schools and the percentage enrolled at the University of Washington was 4.3% shortly after the 1998 ban, but expanded to 7.8% in 2015.

The gap varies among demographic groups. At UW’s Seattle campus in fall 2022, for instance, only 9.7% of UW undergrads were Latino, compared to 15% of Washington high school graduates. But students identified as Black made up 4.8% of the undergraduate population, compared to 4.3% of the state’s high school graduates.

Hall attributes UW’s recent success at increasing its number of Black undergraduates to an aggressive outreach and recruiting strategy. The Office of Minority Affairs’ recruitment office – with a staff of eight and an annual budget of more than $475,000 – targets high schools across the state that have high populations of Black, Latino, and American Indian students. This recruitment program traces its history back to 1965, when UW’s Talent Search sought to identify and assist individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds.

Like many universities across the nation, UW reformed its admission policies in the early 2000s to take what he calls a “holistic” approach by balancing GPA and test scores with extracurricular activities and other lived experience, Hall said.

Still, Long said that despite these efforts, universities such as UW are at best making only small gains in truly increasing diversity. “These things that universities are doing are laudable, but they're basically just keeping the existing extent of underrepresentation and not dramatically improving it,” he said.
Hall conceded more work needs to be done, especially to encourage Latino and American Indian students to apply. “That's part of the challenge for us,” Hall said. “We need to convince those students that if they come here, there's going to be a community for them.”

Instructor Scott Clary offers students support on their chemistry homework at the University of Washington’s Instructional Center. (Amanda Snyder/Crosscut)

To that end, Hall said, UW is asking the Legislature this session for money to build a new center on campus for Native American and Alaska Native students, as well as to support a bill that would create a state scholarship program for Indigenous students. That bill did not make it out of committee in the House.

The centerpiece, however, of UW’s efforts to welcome and support minority students – especially those whose parents didn’t go college – is the Office of Minority Affairs’ Instructional Center. The nationally renowned support center opened in 1970, and offers an array of classes, tutoring sessions, peer mentoring and a venue for minority students to connect.

Argaw, the second-year computer science student, comes to the Center daily, and in fact first began coming when he was 10 – accompanying his father, who has worked there as a math instructor for many years. “Watching my dad help all these students, it just kind of gave me an idea of what my future could be like,” he said.

Being among the 5% of Black students at UW hasn’t been a huge challenge, Argaw says, but it’s noticeable, and he’s seen friends struggle with it. “It can be hard, especially if you have that imposter syndrome, feeling like you’re not supposed to be here,” he said. “It adds to it when you don’t see your own people.”

Guadalupe Luna, a first-year student who grew up in Los Angeles and whose parents are from Mexico, also comes to the Center each day to get help with math. Luna heard about the Center through the computer science department’s Startup program, which assists first-generation and low-income students.

“I haven’t met many other Mexican students,” Luna said, noting that it was a big leap for her to move to Seattle, where she didn’t know anyone. “It would be nice to meet more, but I have met a mix of different people and we became close friends.”

Like Luna, most of the 2,000 students served by the Instructional Center each year come for support in core STEM classes including calculus, statistics, chemistry and biology – but also for assistance writing papers for English classes or studying for midterms in psychology. The university identifies those most in need of tutoring services through its Educational Opportunity Program, which provides assistance to some 6,000 students who come from underrepresented minorities or are low-income or first-generation.

“So many of our students here are incredibly bright and hard-working,” said Therese Mar, the Center’s director. “But many of them haven’t had opportunities from their high school – no AP classes, no enrichment programs. So they come here underprepared,” Mar said.

University of Washington students work on their homework and are offered support from instructors at UW’s Instructional Center. The nationally renowned support center offers an array of classes, tutoring sessions, peer mentoring and a venue for minority students to connect. (Amanda Snyder/Crosscut)

While many Asian American students – a minority group that has in recent years not been underrepresented in college attendance – aren’t generally eligible for the Center’s services, there are exceptions.

Mausom Tamang, originally from Bhutan, spent his early childhood in a refugee camp in Nepal until his family was granted asylum in the U.S. and moved to Kent when he was 8. Tamang qualified to use the UW Instructional Center because he’s the first in his family to go to college and because of his refugee status (he’s a member of a Hindu minority group that has struggled for recognition in Bhutan, and which includes more than 85,000 people who’ve resettled in the U.S.).

Tamang, who grew up in Kent and graduated from Foster High School in Tukwila, still lives with his parents and commutes two hours to and from UW each day. When he started classes at UW in the fall of 2020, it was in the midst of the pandemic. Getting help in courses of sometimes more than 700 students on a Zoom call was a bewildering experience. “It was a big struggle,” Tamang said, “not knowing how to navigate through classes. The worst thing was I didn't have guidance. I didn't know how to ask for help.”

After nearly failing several classes and afraid of disappointing his parents, Tamang says he fell into depression. Then he found the Instructional Center and connected with a tutor online (the Center was all-virtual during the early pandemic). “I was kind of nervous the first time, but I met with one of the instructors and started to build relationships,” he said.

Through the Center, Tamang found he could get the one-on-one support that had been missing in those huge classes. “I could ask, ‘Hey, how do you solve this?’ That’s what really helped me succeed, and my grades started to improve.”

Now a third-year geography major focusing on data science, Tamang hasn’t found much of a Nepali or Bhutanese community at UW yet, but he’s built friendships through the Brotherhood Initiative, a peer support program for men of color on campus, which also helped him build confidence. “Knowing how to go out of your comfort zone is one of the most crucial things you can do here,” Tamang said.

Hall said other colleges can learn from UW’s efforts to create a more welcoming environment for students like Tamang, and see a more diverse pool of applicants as a result. “You have to work harder if you actually have a commitment to diversity,” he said.

“Some folks try to make this about being politically correct,” Hall said. “For us here at the University of Washington, it’s really about preparing our students to live in and lead in a global world with rapidly shifting demographics. That’s the reality some people don’t want to hear.”

Since attending the center in person, Tamang says he’s also made friends with an instructor whose husband is Nepali. “That made it even more like home because we got this conversation going regarding food and culture,” he said.

“This is a place where I just feel like I’m surrounded with warmth.”

CORRECTS spelling of chemistry instructor Scott Clary's name in a caption.

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Without affirmative action, colleges face a tough path to diversity (2024)


What does affirmative action do for colleges? ›

Q: How do colleges, universities and students benefit from affirmative action? A: Race-conscious admissions policies help create a diverse student body, promote integration on college campuses, and create an inclusive educational environment that benefits all students.

Which colleges don t use affirmative action? ›

Follow our live coverage of the Supreme Court hearings on affirmative action. It has been more than 15 years since two of the country's top public university systems, the University of Michigan and the University of California, were forced to stop using affirmative action in admissions.

How important is diversity to colleges? ›

Cultural diversity makes colleges and universities better places to learn. Often referred to as a “melting pot,” the US welcomes diverse people from around the world to live, work, and study. This cultural diversity is part of what makes US colleges and universities unique places for innovation, growth, and success.

Why should colleges promote diversity? ›

It promotes personal growth-and a healthy society. Diversity challenges stereotyped preconceptions; it encourages critical thinking; and it helps students learn to communicate effectively with people of varied backgrounds. It strengthens communities and the workplace.

What is the main purpose of affirmative action? ›

The purpose of affirmative action is to ensure equal employment opportunities for applicants and employees. It is based on the premise that, absent discrimination, over time a contractor's workforce generally will reflect the demographics of the qualified available workforce in the relevant job market.

What are the cons of affirmative action in education? ›

Perhaps the most tragic side effect of affirmative action is that very significant achievements of minority students can become compromised. It is often not possible to tell whether a given student genuinely deserved admission to Stanford, or whether he is there by virtue of fitting into some sort of diversity matrix.

Does Harvard have affirmative action? ›

Each year, the President and Fellows of Harvard College reaffirm Harvard's commitment to affirmative action and equal employment opportunity in this statement. The Office for Equity, Diversity, Inclusion, and Belonging is responsible for management of the University's Affirmative Action programs.

When did colleges adopt affirmative action? ›

In the 1960s and 1970s, colleges and graduate schools began developing affirmative action policies to expand access to disadvantaged and underrepresented segments of society, including racial minorities.

Does UCLA use affirmative action? ›

General. Consistent with current federal regulations, including Executive Order 11246, state regulations and University policy requirements, the University maintains and implements an Affirmative Action Program.

How can colleges improve diversity? ›

How to Promote Cultural Diversity and Awareness On Campus
  1. Setting the tone. ...
  2. Degrees of education. ...
  3. Make diversity awareness activities a party. ...
  4. Diversity Awareness Training & Teachable moments. ...
  5. Promote diversity awareness with artistic exposure.
Mar 8, 2017

What do colleges look for in diversity? ›

Colleges look for classes that will round out a range of majors, activities and experiences. Race and ethnicity may be considered in applications, but that is alongside many other facets of student identity.

What are five advantages of diversity on college campus? ›

Ultimately, studies show that diversity in education, particularly on college campuses, improve the “intellectual engagement, self-motivation, citizenship, and cultural engagement, and academic skills like critical thinking, problem-solving, and writing – for students of all races.

What college has the most diversity? ›

Colleges and Universities with the Most Ethnically Diverse Student Body
  • Stanford University.
  • University of Hawaii at Hilo.
  • University of Nevada Las Vegas.
  • University of San Francisco.
  • Rutgers University Newark.
  • Harvard University.
  • Johns Hopkins University.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Why is diversity important? ›

Diversity benefits organizations at all levels. Even beyond the moral imperative or a sense of fairness, the business case for investing in diversity is clear. Studies have shown that groups of people that are diverse in gender, race, and age perform better, make better decisions, and experience more profitability.

Why is diversity and inclusion important? ›

Diversity and inclusion can bring many benefits such as higher performance, greater innovation, and a more positive environment for both employees and other associates or customers. This is why diversity and inclusion is important for a thriving a business.

What is the difference between diversity and affirmative action? ›

They are complementary in function, but different in their origins and goals. While affirmative action focuses on taking positive steps to get individuals into the organization, diversity in the workplace works to change the culture within.

What is affirmative action in simple terms? ›

Affirmative Action is a program of positive action, undertaken with conviction and effort to overcome the present effects of past practices, policies, or barriers to equal employment opportunity and to achieve the full and fair participation of women, minorities and individuals with disabilities found to be ...

What is an example of affirmative action? ›

Affirmative actions include training programs, outreach efforts, and other positive steps. These procedures should be incorporated into the company's written personnel policies. Employers with written affirmative action programs must implement them, keep them on file and update them annually.

What are the two major problems of the affirmative action program? ›

Many companies now employ affirmative action policies as part of their business models, but there are still some pros and cons to this practice.
  • Advantage: Diverse Workplace. ...
  • Disadvantage: Creates a Stigma. ...
  • Advantage: Attracts New Customer Base. ...
  • Disadvantage: Perception of Reverse Discrimination.
Feb 12, 2019

What is affirmative action most often criticized for? ›

Opponents have long charged that the programs discriminate against white males. Recent critics, including several noted black scholars, argue that preferential treatment programs victimize and stigmatize minorities, increasing friction among groups.

What are the effects of affirmative action bans on college enrollment? ›

I find that bans have no effect on the typical student and the typical college, but they decrease underrepresented minority enrollment and increase white enrollment at selective colleges.

Is it harder for Asians to get into college? ›

According to research from Princeton University, students who identify as Asian must score 140 points higher on the SAT than whites and 450 points higher than Blacks to have the same chance of admission to private colleges.

Does MIT follow affirmative action? ›

MIT's Affirmative Action includes: monitoring of employment-related actions to prevent discrimination from occurring or to detect it and eliminate it.

Does Harvard accept diversity? ›

Harvard's commitment to diversity in all forms is rooted in our fundamental belief that engaging with unfamiliar ideas, perspectives, cultures, and people creates the conditions for dramatic and meaningful growth.

What is one argument in favor of affirmative action? ›

In support of Affirmative Action

It is a way to give non-whites an opportunity to have decent jobs and add to the diversity at any work place. Diversity is desirable, but without a concerted effort to attract students and faculty from different identity groups, higher education communities would not be very diverse.

What are the essential requirements of affirmative action? ›

An affirmative action plan or program under this section shall contain three elements: a reasonable self analysis; a reasonable basis for concluding action is appropriate; and reasonable action.

What factors led the Supreme Court to weaken affirmative action laws? ›

What factors led the Supreme Court to weaken affirmative action laws? -The Court ruled that particular affirmative action policies violate the Fourteenth Amendment. -The Court decided that affirmative action policies must survive strict scrutiny.

Does Princeton do affirmative action? ›

Princeton's affirmative action plan is available to employees and job applicants upon request for review between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. at the Office of the Vice Provost for Institutional Equity and Diversity, Princeton University, 204 Nassau Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 or 609-258-6110.

What states have ended affirmative action? ›

Nine states in the United States have banned race-based affirmative action: California (1996), Washington (1998, rescinded 2022), Florida (1999), Michigan (2006), Nebraska (2008), Arizona (2010), New Hampshire (2012), Oklahoma (2012), and Idaho (2020).

Does UC Berkeley do affirmative action? ›

UC-Berkeley's changing student body. Undergraduate fall counts for racial and ethnic groups at the university, before and after California's 1996 affirmative action ban.

How do you fix diversity in schools? ›

7 ways to encourage a culture of diversity in your school
  1. Re-evaluate your teaching materials. ...
  2. Get to know your students. ...
  3. Be willing to address inequality. ...
  4. Connect with families and community. ...
  5. Meet diverse learning needs. ...
  6. Hire diversely. ...
  7. Support professional development opportunities.
Nov 6, 2020

How do you ensure diversity? ›

Ways to promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in the workplace
  1. Be aware of unconscious bias.
  2. Communicate the importance of managing bias.
  3. Promote pay equity.
  4. Develop a strategic training program.
  5. Acknowledge holidays of all cultures.
  6. Make it easy for your people to participate in employee resource groups.
  7. Mix up your teams.
Jun 21, 2022

How do you promote diversity and inclusion in a community? ›

See below for six ways you can encourage inclusivity, according to our Love Has No Labels campaign, which celebrates diversity and promotes acceptance of everyone.
  2. BE AN ALLY. ...
Nov 1, 2018

How do you know if a college is diverse? ›

Most schools will celebrate diversity on their website and in promotional materials, so it's important to look beyond the admissions office. Visiting a campus in person can give you valuable insight into the student experience.

What is a college diversity statement? ›

What is a Diversity Statement? A diversity statement is a polished, narrative statement, typically 1–2 pages in length, that describes one's accomplishments, goals, and process to advance excellence in diversity, inclusion, equity, and belonging as a teacher and a researcher in higher education.

What does diversity look like on a college campus? ›

A diverse college campus means the students have a range of countries of origin, cultural and ethnic identities, religious beliefs, income levels, political affiliations, sexual preferences, and gender identities.

What is the most underrepresented group in college? ›

Historically Underrepresented Minority Students (HURMS)

Traditionally, Historically Underrepresented Minority (HURM) students are members of groups that have “historically comprised a minority of the US population.” This typically includes African Americans, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, and Hispanics.

Which Ivy League is most diverse? ›

Harvard University, the diverse campus that it is, enrolls 40% White students, 13.7% Asian students, 9.21% Hispanic students or Latino students, 5.98% Black or African Americans, 3.99% Two or More Races Students, 0.215% American Indian or Alaska Native Students, and 0.0979% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Island ...

Which Ivy League has the most black students? ›

And for the number one Ivy League. with the most representation of black students, that is Cornell University, where 7% of the students identifies black.

What is the most important thing in diversity? ›

1) Diversity drives creativity and innovation

Every culture, every nationality, every single person sees the world in a different way. Similarly, every culture, nationality, and person has different knowledge, perspectives, and points of view. When all of these different views are shared together, miracles can happen.

Why is diversity key to success? ›

To achieve true success, an inclusive and diverse workplace is essential. A lack of diversity can lead to groupthink, where ideas are not challenged, and the same mistakes are repeated. It can also lead to a lack of creativity and innovation and decreased profitability.

Why is diversity important in schools? ›

Students Feel More Confident and Safe

Students who learn about different cultures during their education feel more comfortable and safe with these differences later in life. This allows them to interact in a wider range of social groups and feel more confident in themselves as well as in their interactions with others.

Why is diversity and inclusion important in college? ›

It promotes personal growth-and a healthy society. Diversity challenges stereotyped preconceptions; it encourages critical thinking; and it helps students learn to communicate effectively with people of varied backgrounds. It strengthens communities and the workplace.

What are the challenges of diversity? ›

Let's explore what those are, and how you might overcome them.
  • Communication issues. ...
  • Cultural misunderstandings. ...
  • Slower decision making. ...
  • Inequitable inclusion. ...
  • Discrimination. ...
  • Final thoughts on the challenges of diversity in the workplace. ...
  • Need DEI Training?

Does being Hispanic help you get into college? ›

Yes. It roughly equates to a 270 point bonus over asian students, or 150 over white students in admissions. I'm not sure about GPA, since that's harder to standardize, but that's about the weighting you get on test scores. Being Hispanic helps more at some schools than with others.

What is preferential treatment for college admissions? ›

Preferential treatment occurs when an applicant is more likely to be selected than another applicant with similar or better qualifications due to other factors, such as race and ethnicity.

What race is least likely to graduate college? ›

Black college students have lower six-year completion rates for any type of degree or certificate program than any other racial or ethnic group because of racial discrimination, the high cost of higher education and a multitude of external responsibilities, according to a new Lumina Foundation-Gallup 2023 State of ...

Do Ivy Leagues accept Asians? ›

The only universities where Asians aren't discriminated against is at the University of California, Berkeley, and the California Institute of Technology, where a high number of Asians are accepted based on their qualifications.

What races go to college the most? ›

College degrees are increasing among all racial and ethnic groups, but white and Asian Americans are far more likely to hold a college degree or earn one than Black, Hispanic or Native Americans.

Does Harvard accept Hispanics? ›

Harvard welcomes students from across the country and all over the world, with diverse backgrounds and far-ranging talents and interests.
African American15.2%
Asian American27.9%
Hispanic or Latino12.6%
Native American2.9%
Native Hawaiian0.8%

Does being a minority help get into college? ›

Trayes says that being a minority student with top scores is an advantage, not a handicap. “A student that represents cultural diversity and has the scores and transcripts that meet what colleges are looking for has an advantage,” she says.

Why don t many Hispanics go to college? ›

After more extensive research, the researchers concluded that Latinos "lacked social capital around college. They encounter many obstacles along every step of the process." Many Latino students don't know how to conduct a college search, how to decide on a career, or whether to attend a two- or four-year college.

What is it called when a college accepts everyone? ›

Different community colleges have different entrance requirements. However, most of them have an open admissions policy. Put simply, it means that they will accept anyone who wants to go to them.

What is the argument against preferential treatment? ›

The most common argument against it has been that preferential policies are nothing but a discrimination against another group, usually the majority, instead of the minority, and that this in no way can be just.

Should you put religious preference on college application? ›

You can identify your religious preference and demographics, such as African American, Hispanic. This section is not required, but if you are applying to a religious affiliated college, it may be helpful for you to identify what yours is on your application.

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